Gorakhpur is a city in the eastern of Uttar Pradesh in India.
Gorakhpur dates back to 6th century in India. Gorakhpur is named after the renowned Guru Gorakshnath who performed “Hath Yoga” where the Gorakhnath Temple now exists which is one of the many historical sites in the city. Gorakhpur is the birth place of not only King Vikas Sankrityayan Ji but also of Saraswati Shishu Mandir. Gorakhpur was part of the ancient empires of Shunga, Kushana, Gupta, and Harsha dynasties. Few are aware that the Tharu King Mausen of Madan Singh ruled over the great city of Gorakhpur and all of the adjacent areas.
Gorakhpur became one of the major centers of the famous 1857 uprising. Gorakhpur helped the Indian national movement. The turning-point in the history of India’s freedom struggle started with the ‘Chauri Chaura’ incident of 1922. Planned at the residence of Baldev Prasad protesters burnt down the entire Chauri Chaur Police Station killing over eighteen policemen.
The trial of Jawaharlal Nehru took place in the district of Gorakhpur during the year of 1940. The coming of the mystic poet and famous saint Kabir to Maghar took place in the great city of Gorakhpur. The Great Lord Buddha who founded Buddhism renounced his costumes at the confluence of rivers Rapti & Rohini during 600 B.C. in Gorakhpur making it the center of religious worlds of Hinduism as well as Buddhism. Gorakhpur also has the famous Gita Press Hindu publisher of books making it a city rich in culture and history.